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The American Literature

Although the roots of American literature reach to 16th century, the real history of American literature begins in the time of the American fight for independence.
1) The Middle Ages
James Fenimore Cooper – describes American wilderness and wrote Indian novels of adventure. His masterpiece is The Last of the Mohicans. It is about a war between England and France in an Indian colony. Some tribes of Indians were with France and some with England. On of English fortresses, called William Henry, is surrounded by French army and Huro

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and The Northern Ireland

Britain lies off the north-west coast of the Europe across the English Channel, the Strait of Dover and the North Sea. It consists of two large islands (Great Britain and Irealnd0 and about 5000 smaller ones (e.g. the Isle of Wight, the Isles of Scilly, the Isle of Man, Anglesey, the Hebrides, the Orkneys, the Shetlands and the Channel Islands). Its neighbours are Ireland to west and France to south-east. It covers the are of about two and a half square kilometres. Britain consists of four countries: England (London capital),


London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is the 9th largest city in the world, its population is about 10 million. London is situated on the river Thames in south-east England. It was founded as a Roman settlement. The great fire in 1666 destroyed almost all the city. London is as well as our Prague important industrial city. To London we can get by various means of transport – aeroplane (there are three airport, the most important ones are Heathrow and Gatwick), bus (Victoria Coach Station), train, car or ship. This city is famous for


Canada occupies the whole of the northern part of North America (except Alaska) and many islands (e.g. Baffin Island, Newfoundland, Vancouver, Prince Edward Island etc.). Canada’s area is about 10 million sq. km., the second largest country in the world.
It neighbours with the USA (with Alaska and with the continental states on the 49th parallel and the Great Lakes Region is the largest area of fresh water in the world (Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario). There are famous Niagara Falls between Lake Er

Australia and New Zealand

Australia is smallest, youngest continent, with the lowest population density. It is a lonely and it is often said that Australia lies at the edge of the world, divided from other continents by long distances. We also sometimes called this Australia as a country of antipodes, but this is a mistake because a country of our antipodes does not exist in reality. Australia is allocated in south-east from Asia. The Indian Ocean is west and south the Pacific (Coral and Tasmania Leas) is east. Tasmania lies 240 km so

The United States of America – USA

The USA is situated in southern part of North America. Its neighbours are Canada on north, Mexico on south and the Confederation of Independent States in Alaska. It covers the area of abut 9 400 000 sq. km. Central plains are bounded by the Rocky Mountains and the Coastal Mountains to west, the Appalachian Mountains to east and alluvialplains around the Gulf of Mexico. The largest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri. It’s the third longest river system in the world after the Amazon and the Nile. The border with Canad

Health and Human Body

When you are ill, so you have to visit a doctor. Everybody in our country has the right to choose a doctor. There are two types of them, state and private doctors. Medical care is provided for our citizens from birth to death. Even before the birth there is prenatal care including medical check-ups and then maternity services. Soon after birth each child is vaccinated against such illnesses as tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and later smallpox. Each school child is under medical supervision, which means also a series of


General information:
Studying foreign languages is important for everybody. We have many reasons to study them. We need it for travelling abroad, for reading foreign materials, for business communication and so on. The most important language for the communication is English. English is a world language. It is spoken by around 350 million people. It is used as a first language in countries such as Australia, Canada, GB, Ireland, New Zealand, the USA and many of the countries in the Caribbean. In other countries it is used as a second lan

History of Great Britain

Britain was part of the continent of Europe until about 6000 BC. Stone-age people arrived 3000 ago. In the 1st century BC arrived Celts. They worshipped many gods, and their priests were called druids. They believed the soul is immortal and offered human sacrifices.
England was added to the Roman Empire in 43 AD, the Romans army was lead by Julius Caesar. The Romans built camps, fortresses and roads. Another Roman emperor, Hadrian, made on the border between today’s Scotland and England a wall as a protection against the invasion of th

The Political System

The British government:
Britain consists of four countries: England (London capital), Scotland (Edinburgh), Wales (Cardiff) and North Ireland (Belfast). London, the capital is the centre of government for the whole of Britain but local authorities are also partly responsible for education, health care, roads, the police and some other things.
Laws are made by Parliament. There are two houses. The House of Commons and The House of Lords (which has little power). Membe


Wholesaling includes all marketing transactions in wich buyers purchase products that will be sold to other intermediaries or retailers or that will be used in making other products . Wholesalers do not sell products to final consumers . Wholesalers sell to other wholeslers , to manufacturers, and to retailers .
The succes of manufacturers depends on their ability to make products for selected markets , but the succes of wholesalers depends on their ability to serve selected markets . The most significant resource for wholesalers is thei

Urgent problems of mankind

Earthquake,vibrations produced inside the earth. The vibrations can range from barely noticeable to catastrophically destructive. There are six kinds of shock waves generated in the process. Two are classified as body waves and the other four are surface waves.
The general classes of earthquakes are: tectonic,vulcanic and artificially. The tectonic is the most devastating but scientists find ways to predict them.
The tectonic earthquake is situated in zones where one plate slides past another,for example at the San Andreas fault i

Health and food

Attitudes to Food :
People carry out so many different activities in one day. One thing they never forget to do, is to eat. Everybody must eat, because our body need energy from food. Someone like eat to much. But it isn´t healthy. Because some people are overeaters. For other people is food nuisance. They eat only for life. They must receive a vitamins, sweets, energy ...
In present many young woman’s keep diet. They would have nice body. But they must never forget what is for them healthy and what unhealthy. The couldn´t eat

Leisure time

Free time after work or study is called leisure time. It is the time for fun and entertainment. Going to the cinema, theatre, concerts, arts exhibitions are the most usual ways of spending free time. Some people especially the younger one, prefer going to parties, pubs, coffee bars, clubs and discos, others like to stay at home watching TV, reading book ... Unfortunately, a lot of people haven't got enough time. We spend a lot of time for working, learning, family ... But we must find these free time for us.


Family and household jobs.

My Home :
I live in small town, witch names Vranov nad Topľou. It has 25 000 inhabitants. It is situated in east part of Slovak republic. In Vranov I lived since 1985 on Lučna street. I am happy and content living here because Vranov have many places which I can visit. For example Domaša, Slánske hills ...
Domaša is water dam with clean water. Everybody can choose for many sport attractions which are situated here. On Domaša can everybody relax. But I, can relax in my sweet home, too. Home is´nt for everyone these, what is


The effects of tourism since the 1960s have been incredible. For example:
Mediterranean: - today they have 100 million tourists but in 2025 it can be 760 million. In Spain, France, Italy and most of Greece – Mediterranean dirtiest sea.
Alps: - cable cars have climbed ever higher. There are 15000 cable cars systems and 40000 km of ski – runs.
American national parks: - in 1981 there was 8 – year waiting list to go rafting down the Grand Canyon’s Colorado river, so now there is lottery once a year to select the lucky

Eating habits in the UK

People in Britain have five or six mels a day:

a morning snack
snack (tea)
dinner – is a hot main meal of the day
(supper) – is a light cold meal

- the British like to begin the day with cup of coffe or tea in the bed early in the morning
- starts with a glass of orange juice and cereals, cornflakes with milk or cream and sugar or porrige
- tradicional British breakfast:
- cooked meal of bacon, eggs, sausages, spice beans in

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the full text of which appears in the following pages. Following this historic act the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories." PREAMBLE
Whereas recognition

George Lucas biography

Film director, writer, and producer. Born May 14, 1944, in Modesto, California. His parents sold retail office supplies and owned a walnut ranch in California. His experiences growing up in the sleepy suburb of Modesto and his early passion for cars and motor racing would eventually serve as inspiration for his Oscar-nominated low-budget phenomenon, American Graffiti (1973). Before young Lucas became obsessed with the movie camera, he wanted to be a race car driver, but a near fatal accident in his souped-up Fiat just days before his high schoo

Deborah Kerr biography

Actress. Born Deborah Jane Kerr-Trimmer, on September 30, 1921, in Helensburgh, Scotland. She was the first child born to Colleen and Arthur Kerr-Trimmer, a civil engineer who died when Kerr was 15. As a child, she expressed an interest in drama, often performing in local productions with her younger brother Teddy. She enrolled in England’s Phyllis Smale School and concentrated on ballet. Kerr soon abandoned a professional dance career when she realized that her height (she was 5’6’’) would limit her ability. At age 17, she directed her