podobné referáty

ico refreklama

Maturitné otázky z AJ


Hodnotenie:
Zobrazení: 12027


Family
Relationship between parents and their children,



The family in the future + housing, small families, advantages



Small families need not have so much money to live as bigger families.



Do children need two parents? Why/ why not?


What are some of the problems for the single parent?


Are the problems greater when the children are younger or when they are older?


Should parents stay together for the sake of the children?


In what way can children of single parent families grow up to be more independent?


3. Simulation - who I would invite to the family celebration (rodinnú oslavu), príprava

bud čas; rodičia proti, ja ich presvedčiť – kniha

Culture and Art
Vzťah k filmom, kinu, knihám, žánre – What is my relationship to film art



Simulation – žánre filmu poznám ; dohodnúť sa, na aký film ideme


Sport
1.porovnať autorov postoj k športu so sebou

Zimné, letné, obľúbené, ktoré sledujeme v TV, do ktorých sa rád zapojím,čo ja robím, nerobím ktoré sa mi páčia, ktoré by som chcel vyskúšať, TV v škole - názor,páči, nepáči, opis jedného športu


Housing
Môj domov, opis domu, bytu, vybavenie, nábytok, miestnosti, práca v domácnosti



The advantages and disadvantages of living in the town and in the village,



ideálne bývanie, prenájom, kde chcem bývať


chcú mladí bývať sami, nechcú, ako vychádzať s neporiadnou spolubývajúcou


Shopping
1. picture / Describe the picture



Obľúbené miesta, hypermarkety, male obchody, možnosti nákupu, aké boli, aké sú, služby, nakupovanie cez net



3 čo by som nakúpil na party



1.picture/ Describe the picture



What is your favourite place to buy the foodstuff? What do you like to buy the most?



Actually I do not like shopping. I hate walking along supermarkets or hypermarkets. I usually do not buy any food. The only shops I am interested in are shops with electronics and technical things and of course car shops.



I can spend there hours. If I could I would buy there a lot of things, but they are expensive. Last time I bought special computer components …. Povedz čo



2.



What do you think about shopping possibilities in our country and abroad?



I think there are not great differences today. We can buy everything, good and not very good goods. What you need is money. We can buy food as fruit, vegetables, meat, milk or bread in small shops or in the shopping centres or malls. We usually do our shopping in local shops in the towns and villages where we live every day. We often buy other things – newspapers, cigarettes or sweets close to our home at the nearest corner shops. There are still individual shops where people like shopping. For example: baker’s, butcher’s, shoe shops, newsagent’s, grocer’s, green – grocer’s, book shops, florist’s, pet shops, etc.



Today many families have a big freezer at home and like buying things weekly or some products once a month. They can do their shopping in the supermarkets or hypermarkets. This kind of shopping is more suitable for people who have a car. Ready prepared meals are popular with people who do not have time to cook and prepare them in their microwave oven.



What do you understand under the consumer and commercial society?



This kind of society is a society in which material goods are very important, the consumers themselves are very important. It is the fact of modern life. People like shopping and the buy more items / goods than they need.



Do you think the importance of services will grow in the next years? Why?



There are a lot of kinds of services all over the world as well as in our country. There are still some differences between services in our country and for example in Great Britain. We have daily deliveries of post, newspapers or some food / pizza. Repairmen also called ‘odd job men’, electricians, gardeners, window or domestic cleaners, painters, decorators or plumbers are often advertised their services. But there are also services like: car repairs, shoe repairs, laundry and laundrettes, hairdressers and so on. I think that the importance of services will continuously grow because human work has to be specified. We will not have much time to do everything. We will have to rely on the other people work.



3. Simulation:



A : Good morning. My name is Dano H. I have read a special advertisement about your party services. I have heard that you are the best one. I am going to celebrate my birthday and I would like to order special menu. If it is possible prepare some cheese and ham sandwiches – approximately 30 pieces; fried chicken, chips, coca cola, some kinds of biscuits, a chocolate cake and some fruit. Some flowers or birthday decorations are needed. Please, deliver my order to the address: D.H Kosice

Health Care
Rozdiely medzi mužmi, ženami, čo je pre koho dôležité,relax, alcohol, fajčenie; stresy – vplyv na zdravie, pesimizmus, optimizmus, jedenie v noci, prejedanie sa, zlé návyky, čo robím pre zdravie, šport

Travel
spôsoby dopravy, dôvody cestovania, prečo chodia ľudia do zahraničia, kde som bol ja, porovnať iné krajiny s našou, príprava na cestovaniie, na odchod do zahraničia


Porovnaj rozdiely v cestovaní



Ako sa využíva určitý druh dopravy,



Role – play = odchody a príchody vlakov

Study
Učiteľstvo – názory, uniformy, štúdium v zahraničí – kde, prečo; ideálna škola



1. Would you like to be a teacher? If yes, what would you like to teach? If no, why not?



No, of course not. I wouldn’t like to. I think it is a very difficult job and what’s worse not well – paid job. I can say it because my both parents are teachers. More over Slovak teachers are not satisfied. They want better conditions. They need new books, teaching materials, technical equipments like computers for better teaching. It is a pity The Slovak Government can’t realize the importance of having the educated nation and the fact that teachers and doctors are very important for our society. But If I had to teach I would like to teach Physical Training and Computer Sciences / Techniques. I like sport activities and computers.


2. What do you think “an ideal school” should be like?



You may expect I will tell you the best school is no school. But the older I am the more difficult is to say that. I know that the education is very important for my future career. And “an ideal school?” I would change some rules. For example I can imagine the school without any school marks. Sometimes the marks are the greatest problem. Students and pupils are stressed and afraid of having bad ones. On the other side that’s true that marks are the best motivation to be better. I think that school education could be more practical. We should be prepared for the future career, for the university study. Sometimes we have to memorize a lot of stupid things. The alternative school education might be fine. And I think teacher could understand the problem of young generation.



Do you find any advantages and disadvantages in wearing the school uniform?



I know that a lot of students in other countries i.e. Great Britain or the USA must wear the school uniforms. I think the most important advantage is that there is no difference between the poor and the rich. What is important is student’s personality. I think that boys don’t mind it but the girls like fashion and they couldn’t show their new clothes. The other disadvantage can be that you would need more than one suit and it is not cheap. Who would pay it? The school? I wouldn’t like to wear any school uniform. I like wearing jeans and T – shirts; it is more comfortable.



What do you think the minimum school leaving age should be? And why?



It is difficult to say. I know that in our country there is 10 years compulsory school attendance. I think it is not enough for young people to live alone without their parents, to pay for their living, for a flat and food and other needs. Young people need more education and there is necessary to have good job to be independent. The age of 16 is not enough; maybe 18 could be fine. It means secondary education should be compulsory.



3. Simulation



It is not very simple to talk about the best kind of English program. I think that the best choice could be to study or live in one of the English – speaking countries. This way of learning is a little expensive and not available a possible for everybody. But if I could choose any English class at home, I would choose the class of 10 or 12 students at the age of 19 or 20. I would prefer more conversation or face - to - face dialogues. Books are important as well as and video, films, music and games are welcome.

Jobs
1. picture – What’s the man doing? Do you know what’s his job called? How much money do you think he earns? He earns {not} enough money, too much, average


2. What are the reasons for changing the job?



Many young people can study what they want or are interested in. Later some of them can choose their own future career, they are lucky. But many people must do the job they are offered. They aren’t satisfied and are always changing their jobs. The main reasons are:



Bad working conditions


Not enough money / bad salary


Unpleasant and intolerant boss or colleagues


Inefficient working time, you have to work too long


Sometimes you have to move to other place, the city for example because of getting married


You can be redundant or laid off, so you became unemployed


What is … the being … interesting / dangerous / exciting job?


There are a lot of kinds of jobs which we can divide into mental and physical [manual] works. Some of them are more interesting or exciting and others are less. It is not possible to say which of them are interesting, exciting or dangerous. It is different. For example for some boys to be a pilot, fireman or policeman can be exciting, but for their mothers dangerous. To work in rescue team can be dangerous, too. Imagine you work in the mountains or near the sea.


What do you imagine under the word work holism?


Workaholic is a man who loves his job and he doesn’t want to do anything else. He works from morning till evening and forgets to eat and forgets the life itself. I think that it is fine to have a good job and do it perfectly but to do some hobbies or go to the country and enjoy sport activities is very important, too.


Simulation:


I have read the advertisement for domestic cleaners in the newspapers. When I am telephoning the number 334218 I can ask the questions:


What the working time is / how long it is needed/ what days a week/ if it regular


What about money / how much I can earn.


What are my duties, responsibilities?


When do I have to start?


hobby a zamestnanie, záujem o job

Human Relations
Medzi kamarátmi, v triede, v rodine, práci, vychádzanie, nevychádzanie s ľuďmi, vzťahy s rodičmi



Priateľstvo, láska, oslavy , stretnutia, hodnoty



Spoločenské problémy, bezdomovci, postihnutí, závislí



Dobrý priateľ – s. 217 - 20

Human Race and Nature
príroda, počasie – vplýva, nevplýva, katastrofy, obdobia


zoo, záhrada, fauna, flóra


znečistenie zeme, ovzdušia – dôvody, stav život prostr


prispieť k ochrane Žp

Science
Vynálezy, ktoré majú, nemajú budúcnosť – mobil, PC, auto, ako ovplyvňujú náš život


Výhody a nevýhody vynálezov


Názor na vedu a techniku, ako ovplyvňuje môj život


Vynález, ktorý umožňuje to, čo sa predtým nedalo

Man and Society
Podporovanie rodín, ako méže spoločnosť pomáhať rodinám negatívne dôsledky nezamestnanosti, kriminalita, hlad, bezdomovci – páchajú zlo



1. For example: Slovak teachers are not satisfied. They want better conditions. They need new books, teaching materials, technical equipments like computers for better teaching. Slovak teachers and doctors are very important for our society.


2. In the western part of Slovakia there is situated Bratislava – the capital. There are a lot of factories and companies located. The lifestyle is higher because the salaries are higher. The eastern part of Slovakia is not as rich as that in the western part, is poor. The unemployment is high.


3. “Brain Drain” – means that university educated professionals leave the country. The reason is that they are not paid enough for their “brains”. So they leave their country.

Communication and its forms
Basic forms, modern forms, o ženách, mužoch, či som niekoho potrestal tichom



Face to face communication minimalizuje možnosti nedorozumenia



Not verbal communication – príklady, vysvetliť; čo uprednostňujem



osobný kontakt, názor na mobily, mobily a male deti, mienka, kde sa používajú mobily, mali by byť na niektorých miestach zakázané, komunikácia predtým, v minulosti, dôležitosť cudzích jazykov, ich učenie

Simulácia


Mass Media
Čo všetko sú MM, či pomáhajú vychovávať



Typy programov, časopisy – skupina ľudí, ktorá ich sleduje, číta



Bulvár –tabloid , gutter press



Odkiaľ získavame informácie



Vplyv MM na teenagerov, deti



Názor na soap operas



Sim – niečo s cenzúrou - censoring


Young people and Society
odlišnosti a podobnosti ľudí



článok o tetovaní – názor



deti o rodičoch



problémy, ktorým čelíme, mladí ľudia a nezamestnanosť



výhody byť dieťaťom



ml ľudia – trávenie voľného času, predtým



Simulation – chcem mať tetovanie, ale rodičia proti

Food
1. podľa toho, čo ľudia jedia, aký majú character, vplyv na ich charakter



či sa identifikujem s obrázkami



plánovanie jedla na týždeň pre rodinu; aké jedlá a prečo



I would include…………. Because



Vegetariánska diéta, vegetariáni, čo si myslím. Prečo sa ľudia stávajú vegetariánmi?



I would never become vegetarian…..



Kto je najlepš´kuchár v rodine? Je varenie zložité? Viem niečo navariť?



Simulácia – recept – I am interested in cooking…

Free Time
obrázky opísať – prítomný priebehový čas – They are watching TV + seba – 1 obr, 2. obr – von; ja vonku alebo vo vnútri free time; čo by som chcel a čo môžem robiť


Simul – 2 programy, 1 vybrať – prečo?

Multicultural Society
názor na cigánov, ako sa s nimi zaobchádza



Slováci, či sú tolerantní, , v meste na dedine



Multikultúrna škola



Multikult rozhovor



Towns and places
výhody a nevýhody života v meste a na dedine



prečo ľudia chodia k moru

Clothing, Fashion
Typy odevov podľa klímy a počasia = zimné, letné



Móda, modelling, vzťah k móde



Šaty na mieru, konfekcia



Na rôzne príležitosti



Simulácia – navrhnúť uniformu

Book – Kniha a ja
knihy, literature, čítanie, vzťah



obľúbený autor a dielo, ktoré som naposledy čítal, o spisovateľovi informácie a žánre, druhy kníh = horrors, romantic books, detective stories, novels



prečítané dielo spisovateľov krajiny, ktorej jazyk sa učím; compulsory reading, your attitudes to literature; fairy- tales, how do you choose books



film a kniha, čo uprednostním , kríza čítania


Slovakia
castles, lakes, geyzer – Herľany, old towns,



government – democratic republic; National Council – Parliament - one House (150



members elected for four years); president is limited, judicial power is represented by law



In the western part of Slovakia there is situated Bratislava – the capital. There are a lot of factories and companies located. The lifestyle is higher because the salaries are higher. The eastern part of Slovakia is not as rich as that in the western part, is poor. The unemployment is high.



ako to funguje?